Canada has been a dream country for everyone in the world. From the best education to top-notch health services, this country has got everything. Every year thousands of newcomers make their way to Canada on a PR visa to stay and work. Astonishingly, the number of immigrants in Canada is going up drastically. In 2022, Canada welcomed approximately 437,180 permanent residents through different immigration programs.
Through the new immigration targets, Canada aims to invite around 1.5 million new immigrants by the end of 2025. In these three years, Canada’s sole target will be skilled workers. Immigrants who can support in-demand occupations and fulfil economic requirements will be targeted through skill-based draws.
Do you also wish to immigrate to Canada from India in 2023 to start a new journey in your career but don’t know the procedure? Don’t worry; we will be assisting you to know the easiest Canadian immigration pathway, eligibility criteria, and Canada PR points. Once you are eligible for any pathway, you need a good CRS score, commonly known as Canada PR points, to get an ITA.
There is a multitude of immigration pathways that allow you to move to Canada permanently with your family. However, each immigration pathway stands with a different set of eligibility criteria. Some pathways allow you to move to Canada without a job offer letter. Conversely, some pathways allow candidates with a valid job offer letter from a Canadian employer.
The eligibility criteria will be determined by the pathway you wish to move through. Therefore, before you commence the process, ensure you satisfy the program’s needs.
The major Canadian immigration pathway is Express Entry. The candidate can immigrate to Canada in 2023 via any pathway. However, it is highly considered to go with the Express Entry as it comparatively has a shorter processing time with a streamlined process. In case the PR aspirant is not eligible for any pathway under the Express Entry, then Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) can be selected.
There are three major economic programs under Express Entry. These are FSWP, FSTP, and CEC, which allow you to apply for a Canada PR visa. As listed earlier, these programs come up with different requirements. Thus, before you initiate the process, meet the program’s eligibility criteria.
FSWP: FSWP stands for the foreign skilled worker program, wherein candidates with one year of full-time paid work experience in an occupation listed in NOC TEER categories are eligible. Along with this, candidates need to meet other requirements, too, such as language proficiency, proof of funds, minimum education, and 67 points. If you are meeting these requirements, you can opt to apply for a PR visa via this program.
Note: Candidates must check 67 points requirements first. If they are competent to secure 67 points out of 100 in the FSWP grid, they can onset the Canada immigration process from India. Kindly refer to the below-listed tablet to calculate your 67 points-
|Education||Up to 25 points|
|Language Skills||Up to 28 points|
|Work Experience||Up to 15 points|
|Age||Up to 12 points|
|Arranged Employment||Up to 10 points|
|Adaptability||Up to 10 points|
FSTP: FSTP is the acronym for foreign skilled trade program. In order to be eligible for this program, you must have at least two years of work experience within the last 5 years. And your work experience must fall under TEER categories 2 and 3. Along with this, you must have a job offer from a Canadian employer for at least one year. If you hold work experience in any skilled trade listed under TEER 2 and 3, you can choose this gateway to immigrate to Canada in 2023.
CEC: CEC refers to the Canadian experience class. This program is suitable for candidates having Canadian work experience. You must have at least one year of Canadian work experience in the occupation NOC TEER categories within the last three years. Also, you will have to stand in line with the language proficiency requirements as well.
As mentioned earlier, to qualify for the FSWP pathway under the Express Entry, you must have 67 points or more out of 100 in the FSWP assessment grid. These 67 points are allotted to you based on several characteristics, including age, work experience, qualification, language ability, etc. Candidates can refer to the below listed FSWP assessment points breakdown for Canada immigration 2023. If you are competent to get 67 points out of 100 on your plate, you can initiate the procedure of applying PR via this program.
Age: The applicant’s age plays a significant role throughout the Canadian immigration process. In order to be qualified for any program under the Express Entry, you must be at least 18 years old. Candidates falling under the age bracket of below 18 are not eligible. If you are standing in line with the program’s age criterion, you can push forward the process. On the basis of the age factor, an applicant can secure up to a maximum of 12 points. Candidates aged 18 to 35 get maximum points for the age factor. One point depletes each year if you apply after the age of 35. Thus, if you have a strong desire for Canada immigration, you should start this process as early as possible.
Language Ability- If you wish to immigrate to Canada, you must have a good knowledge of the either official language. In Canada, there are two official languages spoken; English and French. Although English is more prevalent than French throughout Canada. In order to immigrate to Canada, you will have to justify your language efficiency in either official language by taking a language test. If you know both official languages, you can get maximum points under this factor.
If you are good at English and wish to prove your proficiency in this language, you can take an IELTS or CELPIP test. However, to secure points against the French language, you can go for tests like TEF and DALF.
The first official, which could be either English or French, will give a maximum of 24 points. On the other hand, the second official language will allow getting a maximum of 4 points. For instance, if you choose English as your first official language, you will be rewarded 24 points and 4 points for the second official language. Against the language factor, a candidate can get up to a maximum of 28 points.
|First Official Language||Speaking||Listening||Reading||Writing|
|CLB 9 Or Above||6||6||6||6|
|Below CLB 7||Not Qualified||Not Qualified||Not Qualified||Not Qualified|
|Second Official Language||Points|
|CLB 4 in all Competencies||0|
|Below CLB 4||4|
Notable- Proving proficiency in the second official language is completely optional. If you know only one language, you are still eligible.
Education- The candidate’s education also plays an integral role in achieving good points out of 100 in the FSWP assessment grid. You have the privilege of securing 25 points against the education factor. However, in order to get the maximum points, you must have a doctoral degree.
|Master’s or professional degree||23|
|2 or more post-graduation certification courses or credentials||22|
|3 years or longer post-secondary educational credential assessment||21|
|2 years post-secondary qualifications or courses||19|
|1-year post-secondary program qualifications or credentials||15|
|Secondary School Education||5|
Note: If the candidate has obtained an education in any country other than Canada, they are required to submit an ECA report. However, if you have completed your education within Canada, you need to submit your education credentials, not ECA.
Work Experience-The prime agenda of this program is to attract and bring skilled workers to Canada. Therefore, work experience is the primary requisite to immigrating to Canada via this program. You must have at least 1 year of full-time paid work experience. Also, the occupations you have work experience in must be in the NOC TEER categories. The maximum number of points against the work experience is 15. However, in order to get the 15 points via this factor, you must have at least 6 or more years of work experience.
Candidates can refer to this table to calculate their points based on their total work experience-
|2 to 3 Years||11|
|4 to 5 Years||13|
|6 Years or Above||15|
Arranged Employment- You can accelerate your chances of getting a Canadian PR visa if you have arranged employment. However, arranged employment must be from a Canadian employer in an occupation mentioned in the NOC TEER categories. Also, it should not be less than 1 year. If you have arranged employment, you will be rewarded 10 points for this. Also, if you can arrange employment in Canada before your departure, arrange it as it can boost your overall score and profile.
|Canadian Job Offer||10|
Adaptability- This factor is highly helpful in increasing your score by combining two factors. Against the adaptability factor, you can consume a maximum of 10 points. In this factor, your partner, who could be either a spouse or a law partner, can help you. In order to get the points based on this factor, kindly go through the below-listed table-
|Canadian Job Offer||10|
|Arranged employment in Canada||5|
|Relatives in Canada||5|
|Any Study Experience in Canada||5|
|Your Partner with the CLB Level 4 or Above||5|
|Your Partner with Canadian Work Experience||5|
|Your Partner with Canadian Study Experience||5|
If you are able to secure 67 or more points in the FSWP assessment, you can submit an Express Entry profile. Once you create an EE profile, you will be entered into the pool of applicants. The FSWP program is highly suitable for applicants having no Canadian work experience and a job offer. Although you will have to satisfy the program’s needs, such as language proficiency, minimum work experience, 67 points in the FSWP assessment grid, etc.
Once you are qualified for any program under the Express Entry, you can create an Express Entry profile. Remember that you won’t be eligible for an EE profile if you don’t meet the program’s requirements via which you are applying. If eligible, you will be added to the pool of applicants. All the candidates in the pool are allotted a CRS score. A CRS plays a very crucial role in your journey of securing a Canadian PR visa. If you have a good CRS based on your profile, you will have a higher chance of getting an ITA (Invitation to Apply) for PR. All the candidates will get a CRS score irrespective of the program they applied through under the Express Entry.
The comprehensive ranking system (CRS) is allotted to you based on age, qualification, language competency, work experience, skills, etc. The Canada PR point-based system allows the government to pick the best candidates from the pool who highly aligns with the Canadian job market. As the number of vacancies is at an all-time high, the IRCC will prefer candidates who can aid in reducing workforce shortage. To efficiently deal with the workforce shortage, the IRCC invites skilled workers via Express Entry highly.
The IRCC conduct follows a pattern of conducting draws once every two weeks. In these draws, the IRCC sends ITAs to applicants having the highest CRS scores. In order to know your CRS score, you can go through the below listed Canada CRS breakdown. Therefore, you must acquire a CRS score as much as possible.
The below listed CRS breakdown will assist you in finding the accurate CRS score you will get in the pool. You must note that the CRS breakdown for Canada immigration is different for candidates with and without a partner. A partner can be your spouse or a law partner. The CRS score is mainly divided into three major factors, and these are:
|FACTORS||CANADA PR POINTS|
|Core Human Capital Factors||460 (With Spouse)
500 (Without Spouse)
|Skill Transferability Factor||100|
⇒ Core Human Capital Factors: If you want to calculate your Canada PR points for core human capital factors, you have 2 options to choose from. Option 1 (table 1) is for candidates with a spouse. Conversely, if you are immigrating to Canada without a spouse, please refer to option 2 (Table 2).
|Factors||Points (Principal Applicant)||Points (Partner)|
|Canadian Work Experience||70||40|
|Factors||Points (Single Applicant)|
|Canadian Work Experience||80|
=> Skill Transferability Factor: On the basis of this factor, you can grab a maximum of 100 points. You cannot claim more than 100 PR points via this program.
|Post-secondary education with proficiency in the first official language||CLB 7 or more in all competencies of the first official language||CLB 9 or more in all competencies of the first official language|
|High School certificate or less||0||0|
|Post-secondary program of one year or more||13||25|
|Two or more Post-secondary programs and a minimum of one program must be three years in duration or more||25||50|
|Master’s Degree or a Professional Degree (Licensed Profession)||25||50|
|Doctoral Level Degree (Ph.D.)||25||50|
|Foreign Work Experience (Home Country)||CLB 7 or more in all competencies of the first official language with Foreign Work Experience (Home Country)||CLB 9 or more in all competencies of the first official language with Foreign Work Experience (Home Country)|
|1 to 2 Years of Work Experience||13||25|
|3 Years or More of Work Experience||25||50|
=> Additional Factor: This factor allows you to secure a maximum of 600 PR points. Kindly look through the table to calculate your points against this factor.
|Factors||Canada PR Points|
|Any Blood Connection in Canada||15|
|French Language Proficiency||50|
|Post-Secondary Education in Canada||30|
|Arranged Employment in Canada||200|
Candidates can calculate their Canada PR points with the help of the above-listed tables. If you find trouble comprehending anything, you can connect with our Canada immigration consultant. A Canadian immigration consultant can help you a lot in your immigration journey.
=> Fact: Canada has been facing a serious workforce shortage since the pandemic. In order to ease the workforce shortage, Canada is using immigration as an effective tool. From 2023 to 2025, Canada will be inviting 1.5 million immigrants, especially skilled workers. Immigrants who can contribute to expanding the Canadian economy and population will be highly desired. The Canadian government uses Express Entry to bring global talent on a PR visa. This strategy helps to accomplish demographic and economic requirements simultaneously.
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